Cymbalta and Lexapro are two prescription medications, both of which are used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). While both Cymbalta and Lexapro are used to treat similar conditions, the two medications have some key differences.
Table of Contents
- What Are the Differences Between Cymbalta and Lexapro?
- What Conditions Are Treated with Cymbalta and Lexapro?
- Which One Is More Effective: Cymbalta or Lexapro?
- Coverage And Cost of Cymbalta and Lexapro
- What Are the Side Effects of Cymbalta and Lexapro?
- Drug Interactions of Cymbalta and Lexapro
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- Key Takeaways
What Are the Differences Between Cymbalta and Lexapro?
Cymbalta (a popular brand name for duloxetine) is a prescription medication used to treat both major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). It is an antidepressant that belongs to a class of drugs known as selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs).
Cymbalta inhibits the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin, two important neurotransmitters used for communication between the neurons, in the neuron synapses. This increases the availability of neurotransmitters that positively affect mood.
Lexapro (a popular brand name for escitalopram) is another prescription medication used to treat both major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). It is a type of antidepressant known as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI).
Lexapro differs from Cymbalta as it works to inhibit only serotonin reuptake at the neuron synapse. As a result, more quantity of free serotonin is available in the neuron synapses to utilize. It does not affect norepinephrine reuptake, unlike Cymbalta.
What Conditions Are Treated with Cymbalta and Lexapro?
Since both drugs are so similar, they can both be used as an alternative to each other in certain situations. Both medications are frequently used to treat:
- Major depressive disorder (MDD)
- Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Cymbalta can also treat fibromyalgia, chronic musculoskeletal pain, and neuropathic pain caused by diabetes. Off-label uses include chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy and stress urinary incontinence.
Interestingly, Lexapro is used off-label for a variety of conditions, including binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, panic disorder, premature ejaculation, posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Which One Is More Effective: Cymbalta or Lexapro?
Cymbalta and Lexapro appear to be equally effective for the treatment of depression, as shown by a clinical trial. However, a review of extensive data from multiple studies suggests that the higher risk of adverse events with Cymbalta may be the reason most doctors prefer to prescribe Lexapro to their patients first.
However, it is important to note that Cymbalta and Lexapro do not provide immediate relief from the symptoms of depression or anxiety. Patients must understand this so that they do not stop taking their medication prematurely because they believe it is ineffective.
Most patients will notice no difference after two weeks, and it may take four to six weeks for the medication to work at its full capacity.
Coverage And Cost of Cymbalta and Lexapro
The cost of your medication is determined by a number of factors, including the brand and the dosage, as well as your insurance status and the pharmacy it is acquired from.
A 30-milligram Cymbalta prescription can cost nearly $350 per month, while a 20-milligram Lexapro prescription can cost up to $260 per month, this information is backed up by a study that found that Lexapro was associated with significant cost savings compared with Cymbalta.
In terms of coverage, most commercial insurance plans pay at least a portion of the cost of both generic and brand-name Cymbalta and Lexapro.
What Are the Side Effects of Cymbalta and Lexapro?
Cymbalta and Lexapro can cause mild side effects that are very similar to each other. Even though they both have the potential to cause similar side effects, some are more likely with one agent than the other.
Some of the common side effects include
- Reduced appetite
- Fatigue (lack of energy)
- Digestive issues, such as constipation and nausea
- Sweating excessively (hyperhidrosis)
- Dry mouth
- Sleepiness or sleeplessness (trouble sleeping)
Cymbalta comes with additional potential side effects of headache and hypertension (Increased blood pressure), which are uncommon for Lexapro.
Lexapro, on the other hand, has been shown to cause sexual side effects like erectile dysfunction in men and loss of libido (sex drive) in both men and women.
Lexapro’s side effects that differ from Cymbalta are
- Agitation or restlessness
- Blurred vision
- Frequent urination
- Changes in appetite
- Increased sweating
- Changes in taste
- Tremors (shaking)
- Weight changes
While the side effects that are exclusive to Cymbalta include
- Increased blood pressure
Drug Interactions of Cymbalta and Lexapro
Drug interactions are important to know because a number of patients who suffer from generalized anxiety disorder or major depressive disorder are also dealing with other mental health disorders like attention deficit disorder that are treated with amphetamines and other drugs that interact.
Cymbalta and Lexapro are both metabolized by the liver using the cytochrome enzyme system.
Some common drug interactions for Cymbalta and Lexapro are given below.
Simultaneous administration of Cymbalta and Lexapro with amphetamines can lead to the increased serum concentration of amphetamines because of their decreased metabolism. This can cause a decrease in the effectiveness of amphetamines in treating attention deficit disorders and an increase in their toxicity.
2. Tricyclic Antidepressants
When Cymbalta and Lexapro are combined with tricyclic antidepressants like amitriptyline, the risk of QT prolongation (extended interval between the contraction and relaxation of the heart) and serotonin syndrome increases. These combinations should be avoided in general.
Using Cymbalta or Lexapro in conjunction with aspirin may increase the risk of bleeding. If you are elderly or have kidney or liver disease, the interaction is more likely to be dangerous.
If your doctor has prescribed both of these medications, you should seek immediate medical attention if you notice any unusual bleeding or bruising, or if you have other signs and symptoms of bleeding such as dizziness, severe headache, lightheadedness, coughing up, or vomiting fresh or dried blood that looks like coffee grounds, red or black tarry stools, and weakness.
The combination of Cymbalta and Lexapro with tramadol (an opioid analgesic) increases the risk of serotonin syndrome, a rare but serious condition characterized by symptoms such as confusion, hallucination, seizures, extreme changes in blood pressure, increased heart rate, fever, excessive sweating, blurred vision, muscle spasm or stiffness, tremors, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Severe cases can even result in coma or death.
Furthermore, combining these medications can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm, which can be serious and potentially fatal, though this is a relatively uncommon side effect. If you have congenital long QT syndrome, any other cardiac diseases, conduction abnormalities, or electrolyte disturbances, you may be more vulnerable.
When combined with Cymbalta or Lexapro, dizziness, drowsiness, confusion, and difficulty concentrating are some of the common side effects. Certain people, especially the elderly, may also have cognitive, judgment, and motor coordination issues.
You should avoid or limit your alcohol consumption while taking these medications as it can further aggravate the symptoms. Avoid activities that require mental alertness, such as driving or operating dangerous machinery, until you know how the medications affect you.
6. Other drugs
Other drugs that can potentially interact with Cymbalta and Lexapro include:
- Antimigraine agents like Oxitriptan, Eletriptan, and Almotriptan.
- Antiplatelet medications like Edoxaban and Apixaban.
- Antineoplastic medications like Gilteritinib, Dabrafenib, Erdafitinib, Acalabrutinib, and Ibrutinib.
- Antibiotics like Linezolid.
All SSRIs and SNRIs, including Cymbalta and Lexapro, have been linked to serotonin syndrome. Taking two serotonergic drugs at the same time can lead to this condition. It is caused by abnormally high serotonin levels that cause agitation, dizziness, and an increased heart rate.
Rarely, Cymbalta has also been linked to fatal liver failure, characterized by abdominal pain, elevated liver enzymes, and jaundice. Alcohol can further increase the risk so it should be avoided when taking Cymbalta.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What Is Cymbalta?
Cymbalta (brand name for Duloxetine) is an antidepressant that selectively inhibits serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake (SSNRI). It works by affecting the concentration of brain chemicals that may be out of balance in people who suffer from depression.
It is frequently used to treat the symptoms of major depression, GAD, chronic muscle pain, diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain, and fibromyalgia.
Cymbalta is available in capsules, to be taken orally. It is available in different dosage potencies, ranging from 20mg to 60 mg.
What Is Lexapro?
Lexapro (brand name for escitalopram) belongs to a class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). It is an antidepressant used to treat specific types of depression and anxiety, namely MDD and GAD.
It works by assisting in the restoration of serotonin balance, which is a natural chemical compound in the brain. Lexapro may increase your energy and well-being while decreasing nervousness.
It is available as oral tablets in the strengths of 5 mg, 10 mg, and 20 mg, and as an oral solution.
Is Lexapro Better for Anxiety Than Cymbalta?
Lexapro is an effective antidepressant and antianxiety medication, just like Cymbalta. Because it is less likely to cause side effects and has fewer drug interactions, it is generally prioritized over Cymbalta. However, if you have liver or heart problems, Lexapro may not be the best choice for you.
Cymbalta, on the other hand, can treat depression, anxiety, and some types of chronic pain, but is more likely to cause side effects and drug interactions. It is especially contraindicated if you regularly consume alcohol or have high blood pressure. Therefore, Lexapro is usually preferred over Cymbalta for anxiety unless specifically contraindicated.
Is Cymbalta Better for Anxiety or Depression?
Cymbalta can be used to treat both generalized anxiety disorder as well as major depressive disorder. According to a study, this drug appears to be promising for treating anxiety disorders as it is a dual-acting intervention that targets two neurotransmitter systems. It is equally effective in treating the symptoms of depression.
Is Cymbalta a Good Replacement for Lexapro?
Because Cymbalta and Lexapro have comparable efficacy in the treatment of depression, Cymbalta can be a suitable substitute for Lexapro.
However, it is interesting to note that a study comparing the two drugs discovered that Lexapro was superior to Cymbalta for the short-term treatment of depression.
Additionally, Lexapro is just as effective and more tolerable than Cymbalta for long-term treatment.
Moreover, Cymbalta is less well tolerated, so people are more likely to stop taking it. Patients on Cymbalta have an 8% higher withdrawal rate due to adverse reactions than patients on Lexapro treatment. Another study discovered that Lexapro was better tolerated and at least as effective in treating major depression as Cymbalta.
Can You Take Cymbalta and Lexapro Together?
Lexapro and Cymbalta should not be taken together because doing so increases the risk of serotonin syndrome. Serotonin syndrome is a rare but serious condition characterized by symptoms such as confusion, hallucination, seizures, extreme changes in blood pressure, increased heart rate, fever, excessive sweating, shivering or shaking, blurred vision, and more. Severe cases can lead to coma and even death.
This is because both of these drugs reduce the uptake of serotonin, which leads to a buildup of serotonin in the body and the resulting symptoms of serotonin syndrome.
- While Cymbalta and Lexapro are similar drugs used to treat depression and anxiety, they differ from each other in the way they act and also in the side effects they cause.
- Lexapro is as effective and more tolerable than Cymbalta.
- Both these drugs also differ from each other in their off-label uses. While Cymbalta can be used off-label for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy and stress urinary incontinence, Lexapro can be used for conditions like Bulimia nervosa, panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, binge eating disorder, and premature ejaculation.
- A 30-milligram Cymbalta prescription costs nearly $350 per month, whereas a 20-milligram Lexapro prescription costs up to $260 per month, which means that Lexapro is associated with significant cost savings when compared to Cymbalta.
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